UK Politics

On The Scottish Referendum

Prologue

The British Isles. The Islands of Britain. If you’re an Irish nationalist or republican- the archipelago off the North-West coast of mainland Europe formerly known as the British Isles (source: the Sinn Fein dictionary of Newspeak, 13th edition). A group of over 6,000 islands, many of which are inhabited, many of which are uninhabited. The two largest islands are commonly known as Great Britain (because it is the biggest), and Ireland, although I prefer to use the less common titles of East Britain and West Britain (and no, I’m not joking). These islands are subdivided into six distinct nations. East Britain is made up of England, Scotland and Wales. The more westerly island is made up of Eire and Ulster. The tiny island nation of Vannin (the Isle of Man) lies between the two. If one includes the Channel Islands, and there are arguments for and against doing so, the number of nations rises to 8. If one recognises Cornwall/Kernow as a distinct nation, and many do, that number rises to nine. The United Kingdom governs most of the British Isles. Eire has been an independent country since the early 1920s. The Isle of Man and the Channel Islands of Guernsey and Jersey are not part of the United Kingdom, they are British Crown Dependencies, ergo- British but not part of the UK (Irish nationalists will, by now, be furiously scratching their heads!). 

A handy map of the British Isles for the geographically challenged

A handy map of the British Isles for the geographically challenged

On Thursday, the 18th of September, one of the UK’s constituent nations, namely Scotland, will hold a referendum on independence. At present, opinion polls suggest the ‘Yes’ and ‘No’ campaigns to be neck-and-neck. The result will be close, or so it appears. As an Ulster Loyalist many people think they know what my views are on Scottish independence. Most of those people are wrong. Let me be perfectly honest: I am not in favour of independence for Scotland, but if the Scots people are in favour of it, or at least the majority are, then I say- so be it. If there is a ‘Yes’ vote I will not be slitting my wrists, nor will I be out looking for a sturdy bough from which to hang myself. The world will keep spinning, the birds will keep singing and I, like many other Ulster Loyalists, will get on with my life exactly like before. Let me tell you why…

Lord, Save me from the Hypocrites!

Most Irish nationalists and republicans struggle with logic. They assert that this island, West Britain (aka ‘Ireland‘) should be, neigh must be, governed as a single, unitary, homogeneous state but that the island of Great Britain should not be. Unionists however, hold an equally paradoxical view- that the nations of one island should remain separate but that the nations of the other (main) island should remain unified. Ok, maybe there are some Unionists who would argue that all the nations of these islands should be politically united but surely such Unionists are only a tiny minority? Holding two seemingly opposing views at the same time creates cognitive dissonance. Something I’ve never been too keen on. So how do Loyalists “square the circle” so to speak? Let me explain-

As an Ulster Loyalist I am loyal to the land of my birth, Ulster (pay attention at the back there). I regard my native land as being a distinct nation, a nation which (as the polity of Northern Ireland) is part of the United Kingdom because the majority of it’s citizens wish it to be so. I, like the majority of my compatriots, believe that Ulster’s membership of the United Kingdom is beneficial to our material well being. I do not believe that that membership is a prerequisite of my country’s existence, nor do I believe that the UK is somehow a ‘spiritual’ or undissolvable union. My primary loyalty is to Ulster (as it has existed since 1921, ie. the six county Ulster model of the modern era). I reject the idea that Ulster should be subsumed into a monocultural 32 county Irish state, not because of any enmity or prejudice against Eire or it’s citizens, but because the idea is anathema to me as a patriotic Ulsterman. I would be just as opposed to any proposed annexation if our neighbours on this island were the Dutch or the Swiss! I would also be naturally opposed to any effort by England to supplant Scottish culture, rewrite Scots history and/or fully ‘integrate’ those two nations into one.

Admit it, this isn't really how you imagined the Swiss army, is it?

Admit it, this isn’t really how you imagined the Swiss army, is it?

I regard the United Kingdom as a family of nations. But a family held together, not by inflexible bonds of iron, but by more subtle ties. Common outlook, common language (more or less), common history and common values. Should one part of that family of nations decide to go it’s own way and to break the ties which bind our countries together, then so be it. The rest of the family will simply carry on. No island, no landmass, is preordained to be a single, unitary political entity. Islands do not equal nations. Scottish independence will not make me, or Ulster, any less British. The people of the UK are of course British by birth, but in another way, a more intangible way, we are British by choice. Is it not then also valid to choose not to be British, if that is how one feels? And is it not also correct for each part of the Union, each nation, to have the right to self-determination? A Union held together by force or coercion is not a Union I would want any part of.

We’ll Still be Brothers

In the event of a ‘Yes’ vote, the people of Ulster and the people of Scotland will still be close relations. Political decisions, no matter how momentous, cannot alter thousands of years of history and kinship. I will still visit the Scottish branch of my family in Stirling, I will still welcome Scots into my home each July. I might even chance my arm and try to get a Scottish passport (one can never have enough passports!). An independent Scotland may even have unexpected benefits for Northern Ireland, after all, those nuclear submarines have to be based somewhere, and Lough Foyle is as good a place as any. It is my sincere hope though that this referendum is decisive, one way or the other. Is a 51-49% split a clear indication of the will of the people? Can Scotland transition to independence if, for example, 47% of the population didn’t want, or vote for, independence?

There is another issue here too. If independence is rejected, then surely it is time for a constitutional modernisation of the United Kingdom? A redefining of relationships between constituent countries, a reassertion of the inalienable rights of individual nations and the updating of the UK’s written constitution (contrary to popular belief the United Kingdom does have a written constitution: the Magna Carta Libertatum of 1215). And is it not time for English devolution? The UK has always been a federal entity in all but name, it is high time for our federation to be codified and it’s articles of association to be made clear.

Oh Alex, you're making this all far too easy. People will start to think you want to have the "pish ripped clean outta ye".

Oh Alex, you’re making this all far too easy. People will start to think you want to have the “pish ripped clean outta ye”.

Epilogue

The Scottish people should use their votes and use them wisely. People in other nations that constitute a part of a larger union or federation will never get a vote on their countries future. Wars have been fought for such things. Remember Biafra-  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20801091. One could argue that the American Civil War was about the right of constituent states to secede (or not), a conflict that cost over 600,000 lives and tore apart a continent. Whatever the rights and wrongs of the argument, it will at least be settled at the ballot box, not on the field of battle.

I wish my Scottish brothers and sisters well, whatever they decide. The choice is theirs and theirs alone. I will not wax lyrical about British identity, I will not use sentimentalism to argue for Scotland’s continued membership of the Union. Scots should vote with their heads, not their hearts, for Scotland will always be in their hearts, as Ulster is in mine. They will always have Scotland’s best interests at heart, simply because they are Scots. Therefore the choice must be made with cool head rather than warm heart. What is best for Scotland? Separation or Union? The Scots must decide. The rest of us must await the outcome of that decision, but I will leave you with my prediction- when all the votes are cast and counted, I believe that Scotland will say: “Naw thanks”.

 

 

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Politics is Life

Tired Of Life?

Samuel Johnson once wrote that “when a man is tired of London, he is tired of life“. I don’t know about that. London can be a daunting place at times, especially for us Yokels. That quotation though is extremely useful if one substitutes London for Politics. For truly, all men (and women) must be tired of life if they say they are tired of politics. Politics is life! The price of a loaf of bread? Politics. The cost of a litre of fuel? Politics. Your children’s education? Politics. Your pension? Politics. Whether or not you’re required to carry an ‘ID card’ at all times? Politics. I think you get the picture. Sadly, it is all too common to hear people declare themselves non-political. As if somehow one can simply detach oneself from the very mechanisms of daily life.

We here in Ulster are more politically active, more politically engaged, than most population groups in the developed world. The underlying reasons are a matter of historical record. A population in conflict with one another, or emerging from such a conflict, will naturally be more politically conscious. Even so, political apathy and disinterest are slowly becoming more normal here too. Indeed, in some quarters of Northern society, to declare oneself ‘apolitical’ is seen as another way to declare oneself non-sectarian. This mindset is, of course, based on the false premise that in Ulster, politics and religion are somehow analogous. They are not. One can find numerous examples of Catholic Unionists and Protestant nationalists, for instance. It is unfortunate that so many people, not just here in Ulster but across the globe, are denying themselves a voice and simply switching off, disengaging themselves from the processes of democracy and governance. Politics may seem “boring” or complicated, but only because the media’s definition of the word ‘politics’ has become so narrow and non-inclusive. And we all know that where the media leads, society follows!

Freedom Is Never Free

Perhaps the apolitical should be reminded of the sacrifices made by generations past to ensure that democracy survived. Reminded of the 19,240 (British & Commonwealth) soldiers killed on the 1st day of the Battle of the Somme. Or of the 12,500 Allied POWs who died working on the ‘Death Railway‘ in Burma during WWII. Or the nearly 18,000 men who made the ultimate sacrifice during Operation Market Garden in 1944. I could list battles, conflicts and casualty figures all day. I think you get the point here. But would such stark reminders do any good? For many people, especially younger people, the sacrifices of previous generations seem remote, distant.

Would it be more useful to simply remind people that politics is inescapable? To remind them that almost everything in their daily lives is affected by politics. Maybe. The issue of political apathy though, is one which ought to be addressed with some urgency. When less than 50% of eligible voters actually go to the polls and vote, should the result of that election be allowed to stand? Where is the cut off point? 40% turn out? 25%? At what point do we say ‘this cannot be allowed‘ and actually begin to look seriously at the underlying reasons for such abrogation of democratic duty? And, just as importantly, what can be done to get Joe Public to re-engage politically.

The Redefining Of Politics

In the last few years British politics has done itself no favours. First the ‘Expenses Scandal‘, then the ‘Bank Bailout‘, a sordid euphemism for government giving trillions of pounds of public money to their old school chums and golf partners, caused more and more people to turn away from politics (at least at Westminster level) and lose what little faith they had left in the ‘Mother of Parliaments’. The shadow of paedophillia now hangs over the Palace of Westminster, like some abhorrent spectre, haunting the entire nation. Perhaps this latest scandal (or rather, outrage) can instil some kind of righteous anger in the proletariat and force some very real, and substantial, changes to our political life in this country. The sort of anger that welled up after the ‘Expenses Scandal‘ broke, seemed to gather momentum, but then simply ebbed away again. It seems tragically pertinent at this point to quote the Manic Street Preachers, who sang: ‘If You Tolerate This, Your Children Will Be Next’. 

The World's Largest Gravy Train?

The World’s Largest Gravy Train?

The UK political establishment cannot continue in the way it has for the last 40 or so years. If it does, voter turnout in 2020 will be down to about 15%. Democracy in Britain will, at that point, have lost all legitimacy. The politicians must change, but the voters must change too. The unscrupulous media too, must undergo some form of transformation. The scandalous behaviour of some within British politics simply cannot be tolerated any longer. The public need to get ‘as mad as hell’ and make it abundantly clear that we, as a collective entity, are not prepared to be governed by immoral vermin. The media needs to consciously and proactively demonstrate to the general public that politics is meaningful and important. The BBC also needs to abandon their own machiavellian agenda and become an impartial public broadcaster again.

We (all of us) must redefine politics. We must change the political lexicon. No more ‘spin doctors’, no more backroom deals, no more allowing young people to think of politics as the preserve of old, upper class, men. When we talk of politics in the future, we must be sure to include local politics, community politics. The politics of the street, the housing estate, the rural community. But, to take ownership of politics, there must be an engagement with politics. The next time you hear someone say: “I don’t do politics”, don’t laugh at them or mock them. Don’t look down on them. Don’t argue with them. Encourage them. Engage with them. As much as we would like to think we are influential, we politicos cannot change society, or at least, we cannot change society alone! Politics is a dirty business, and it’s high time we all got our hands dirty!